MPA-Director Rashid Sunyaev
The Kyoto Prize is the key scientific prize in Japan established by
the Inamori Foundation. It is named after Kyoto - a city well-known
for its history and great cultural and scientific traditions. Previous
recipients of the Kyoto Prize included the world recognized
astronomers Jan Oort, Chushiro Hayashi, Eugene Parker, great
mathematicians and geophysicists, biologists, material scientists,
philosophers and well-known representatives of the artistic community.
According to the official citation, "Dr. Rashid A. Sunyaev has
influenced contemporary observational cosmology in many ways and his
theoretical studies continue to help studying the expansion of the
Universe. In his work, he describes how acoustic oscillations in the
early universe left their imprint on temperature fluctuations in the
cosmic microwave background radiation and how this radiation is
scattered by hot electrons in the clusters of galaxies. He has also
made significant contributions to high-energy astronomy through his
theoretical research on the accretion of matter onto high-density
celestial objects and the energy release mechanisms involved, and led
international observational projects in this area."
The work on acoustic oscillations and the cosmic microwave background
distortions by clusters of galaxies was started by Rashid Sunyaev and
Yakov Zeldovich in late 1960s and early 1970s. Since then their ideas
have evolved from pure theoretical models into most powerful tools of
modern observational Cosmology.
Together with Dr. Rashid Sunyaev, there are two other laureates:
Dr. John Werner Cahn in the category "Advanced Technology" and
Tamasaburo Bando V in the category "Arts and Philosophy". The
presentation ceremony for the Kyoto Prize will be held at the Kyoto
International Conference Center in Kyoto, Japan, on 10. November
2011. At the ceremony, each laureate will be presented with a
certificate, a Kyoto Prize Gold Medal, and prize money of 50 million
yen (about 430.000 Euro) per category.